What your toenails say about your health
Toenail color can be representative of an underlying health condition. Most nail issues happen to people like soccer players, cross-fitters, and other athletes who don’t let their feet breathe. Since much of the time their feet remain enclosed in socks, the moisture from their sweat may cause complications. Good nails with a pink nail bed with no other coloring will be solid but short.
A good toenail is a pale-pink color, identical to the fingernail. Some yellowing or black-colored tinges mean something is wrong. For example, if your toenails turn yellow, you’re possibly infected with a fungus. Yellowing can also be the result of smoking or a diabetes side effect or liver disease.
Scattered white spots on your toenails that signify the onset of a fungal infection. With time, the toenail will thicken to turn a blurry yellow-brown color, and even other similar nails if the infection spreads. You may also notice some green and black spots beside the white flecks. Because of its size, the nail fungus will make the toenail impossible to remove. Your nails will finally get weak and break, inflict pain, swell, and make it easier to move. This is a smart idea to contact a foot doctor at the first sign of white speckles on the toenail.
A toenail with a bluish tinge can be a symptom of Raynaud’s disease. If blood does not flow sufficiently to the extremities, oxygen reduces and the nails turn blue. Your nail could also turn a purple hue, which means you have a circulatory problem. Dark toenails signify an illness beneath the skin, but it can also be a symptom of bacterial infection, vitamin B12 deficiency, or anemia. In extreme cases, black toenails may be a sign of cancer or hepatitis, or kidney disease. Dark streaks below the nail can signify a secret melanoma, a hazardous type of skin cancer.
If your toenail is purple, what is known as a toenail trauma or a subungual hematoma might have suffered. This happens when “small blood vessels bleed under a nail and stain it darker,” usually after you drop a heavy object on your nail.
Another factor affecting lilac toenails is drainage problems. So, this can arise because the nail doesn’t have enough oxygen and the skin doesn’t get the blood it needs, which usually often creates toenail discomfort.
The best approach to this dilemma is to let the nail grow until the purple portion is gone but bear in mind that growing a healthy nail will take months.
Another choice is to let a doctor cut the nail but this is a painful operation. You can do this only if your doctor advises you it really is important.
It is recommended that you receive care from a doctor in the case of circulation issues, because this circulatory problem may affect not only
your toenail but other parts of your body.
Yellow or Brown Toenails
There are three primary causes of yellow or brown toenails: the toenail’s digestive system, diabetic problems, or the most common cause, fungi.
A fungus is simply an organism that occurs to the foot. This also occurs when people are wearing the same pair of shoes for a long period of time. An old shoe is an ideal environment for the growth of fungal species.
Fungal infections occur when one or more Nails become infected by a microscopic fungus. Typically, these microscopic organisms survive in dark, dry, and humid conditions. In this case, the nail is brittle, yellow, and thick.
Treatment of toenail fungus yellow or brown depends on the degree of infection. We recommend that you see a specialist and they can administer the right antifungal drugs for your special case.
White or White spots on toenails
Also known as Leukonychia are white nails or nails with white spots and they indicate various conditions. When repeated pressure is applied to the finger, white spots emerge, but the damage was not serious enough to destroy the blood vessels. It can also be a symptom of anemia or zinc deficiency.
When the spots are affected by an infection, the action that caused the damage will cease before a healthier nail can develop to replace the white nail.
When you believe you might be anemic, we strongly recommend that you see a specialist help you receive care.
Shape changes in your nails
This is considered a spoon-shaped toenail, also known as Koilonychia, a clear indentation in the toenail. Spoon-shaped indents may signify an iron deficiency, lupus, or disease caused by Raynaud.
Often a toenail may curl down, covering the top of the toes, especially if the tips of the toes have been swollen. It can signify a serious condition, such as lung cancer, heart disease, or inflammatory bowel syndrome.
When you age your toenails are likely to grow vertical ridges, which is a natural occurrence. If the ridges are horizontal though, you may have a disorder known as Beau ‘s disease. This may result from injuries or from a recent disease or surgery. When you have horizontal ridges on your nails and have not developed a significant condition lately, the ridge may suggest diabetes, circulatory issues, or a deficiency of zinc. They are also called Bees’ lines when the ridges are discolored and can predict serious diseases, such as malaria or carbon monoxide poisoning.
Thyroid disorder and illnesses will remove the nail beds on your toenails. If your toenail separates from the nail bed or becomes loose, seek diagnosis and treatment from a physician at American Foot and Leg Specialists. If you note any differences in color, texture, form, or appearance in your toenails, it is important to look at what may happen in your body.